**You will need to use ****Excel ****to calculate mean, mode, median, and standard deviation. You will also need the ****t**** test**** spreadsheet, the reliability spreadsheet,**** and the ****Area Under the Normal Curve Calculator****)**

**34 questions / 39 raw points possible (before adjustment…this test will count as 21% of your final grade)
**

**Instrument Reliability **

Use Excel to calculate test-retest and equivalent form reliability

Use Del’s Reliability Calculator to calculate KR-20, KR-21, Cronbach’s alpha, and Spearman-Brown (Split-Half) internal consistency reliabilities

Understand the difference between each of the above reliabilities and when to use each

**Instrument Validity **

Identify situations where each of the following types of instrument validity is most important: Content (Face), Predictive Criterion-Related, and Concurrent Criterion Related

**Internal and External Validity** **
**Understand the relationship between internal and external validity and generalization

Identify threats to internal and external validity

**Group Comparison Designs**

Identify R O X O designs

Know the difference between true experimental, quasi-experimental (match-only, counterbalanced, and time-series), and causal-comparative (ex post facto) study designs

**Variables **

Independent and Dependent Variables

**Normal Curve and Standardized Scores**

Calculate the mean, mode, median, and standard deviation (sample and population) using Excel

Calculate standardized scores (*z *and IQ)

Understand the characteristics of the normal curve

Calculate the area under the normal curve (use Area Under the Normal Curve website)

**t-tests**

Write the null, alternative, and research answer for a *t *test

Run a *t *test and know whether to read the equal or unequal variance* t *test

Understand how mean differences, standard deviations, and sample sizes influence *p*

Identify independent and dependent variables

Interpret the results of a mean table for a *t* test

**Types of Stats** **
**Identify paired

*t*test, independent

*t*test, chi-square, ANOVA, and correlation test results.

Recognize HLM and SEM models

Identify parameters, latent variables, and observed variables in a structural equation model

**Honors Thesis**

Identify Chapter 1- Statement of the Problem; Chapter 2- Background or Review of Literature; Chapter 3- Methodology; Chapter 4- Results; and Chapter 5- Discussion and Limitations